Nikos Mavrogiannopoulos e6a43a6e79 ocserv: updated to 1.1.3 1 month ago
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files 7cadde8755 ocserv: updated to 1.1.1 10 months ago
Config.in ee1a3654dc ocserv: don't build with libseccomp on ARC 3 months ago
Makefile e6a43a6e79 ocserv: updated to 1.1.3 1 month ago
README 893481234f ocserv: doc update 5 years ago

README

Setting up OpenConnect VPN server
=================================

The openconnect server expects to be configured using the uci interface.

It is recommended to setup a dynamic DNS address with openwrt prior
to starting the server. That is because during the first startup
a certificate file which will contain the dynamic DNS name will be
created. You can always regenerate the certificate by deleting
/etc/ocserv/server-key.pem.

There are two approaches to setup the VPN. The proxy-arp approach (1)
which provides clients with addresses of the LAN, and the "forwarding"
approach (2) which provides clients with addresses of a separate private
network. The former is suitable when you have "roadwarrior" type of clients
connecting to the LAN, and the latter when you may need to connect
multiple networks with the LAN.

If for the client side you use OpenWRT it is recommended to check you
have the latest vpnc-scripts and openconnect packages.


1. Proxy-ARP Approach
=====================

[This option is available since ocserv-0.10.9-2 package]

To setup a server the provides access to LAN with network address
10.100.2.0/255.255.255.0 add the following to /etc/config/ocserv.
The following setup will assign the upper 62 addresses for VPN use.

```
----/etc/config/ocserv-------------------------------------------
config ocserv 'config'
option port '443'
option dpd '120'
option max_clients '8'
option max_same '2'
option netmask '255.255.255.192'
option ipaddr '10.100.2.192'
option auth 'plain'
option default_domain 'lan'
option compression '1'
option proxy_arp '1'
option ping_leases '1'
option enable '1'

config dns
option ip '10.100.2.1'

config routes
option ip '10.100.2.0'
option netmask '255.255.255.0'

config ocservusers
option name 'test'
option password '$5$unl8uKAGNsdTh9zm$PnUHEGhDc5VHbFE2EfWwW38Bub6Y6EZ5hrFwZE1r2F1'

-----------------------------------------------------------------
```

This setup re-utilizes the addresses assigned to LAN for the VPN clients.
To ensure that there are no conflicts with the DHCP server use the following
commands. These will set the maximum address assigned by DHCP to be 10.100.2.191
which is below the first VPN assigned address (10.100.2.192).

```
# uci set dhcp.lan.start=100
# uci set dhcp.lan.limit=91
```

For simple networks like that you may also leave the 'netmask' and 'ipaddr'
fields empty and ocserv on startup will set the necessary values.


2. Forwarding Approach
======================

To setup a server the provides access to LAN with network address
10.100.2.0/255.255.255.0 using the VPN address range
10.100.3.0/255.255.255.0 add the following to /etc/config/ocserv:

```
----/etc/config/ocserv-------------------------------------------
config ocserv 'config'
option port '443'
option dpd '120'
option max_clients '8'
option max_same '2'
option netmask '255.255.255.0'
option ipaddr '10.100.3.0'
option auth 'plain'
option default_domain 'lan'
option compression '1'
option enable '1'

config dns
option ip '10.100.2.1'

config routes
option ip '10.100.2.0'
option netmask '255.255.255.0'

config ocservusers
option name 'test'
option password '$5$unl8uKAGNsdTh9zm$PnUHEGhDc5VHbFE2EfWwW38Bub6Y6EZ5hrFwZE1r2F1'

-----------------------------------------------------------------
```

Setting up split-dns
====================

To allow the clients to resolv with the local domain add the following
to the ocserv configuration file.

```
----/etc/config/ocserv-------------------------------------------
config ocserv 'config'
option split_dns '1'
option default_domain 'mydomain'
```

The ```default_domain``` is optional and if not set, it will be autodetected
from dnsmasq's configuration.


Setting up the firewall
=======================

Since the connected users will be assigned to other interfaces than the LAN
one, it is required to assign the VPN clients to an interface, and enable
forwarding for them. That is, you should setup an unmanaged interface (e.g.,
called vpn), which will have assigned the 'vpns+' interfaces (i.e., all vpns
interfaces). Then a zone called vpn should be setup to handle interactions
with lan. An example, which alls all forwarding between LAN and VPN clients,
follows.

```
----/etc/config/network------------------------------------------
config interface 'vpn'
option proto 'none'
option ifname 'vpns+'
-----------------------------------------------------------------

----/etc/config/firewall-----------------------------------------
config zone
option input 'ACCEPT'
option forward 'ACCEPT'
option output 'ACCEPT'
option name 'vpn'
option device 'vpns+'
option network 'vpn'

config forwarding
option dest 'lan'
option src 'vpn'

config forwarding
option dest 'vpn'
option src 'lan'

config rule
option target 'ACCEPT'
option src 'wan'
option proto 'tcp'
option dest_port '443'
option name 'vpn'

config rule
option target 'ACCEPT'
option src 'wan'
option proto 'udp'
option dest_port '443'
option name 'vpn'
-----------------------------------------------------------------
```

Note, that the last two rules, enable connections to port 443 from the
Internet. That is the port used by OpenConnect VPN.


Starting the server
===================

Note that both configurations above add the user "test" with password "test". The
password is specified in the crypt(3) format.

The server can be enabled and started using:
# /etc/init.d/ocserv enable
# /etc/init.d/ocserv start

For any custom configuration options of ocserv you may add values in
/etc/ocserv/ocserv.conf.local.

There is a luci plugin to allow configuring the server from
the web environment; see the package luci-app-ocserv.